Effective project teamwork, in contrast to its name, actually consists mainly of individual work. It is teamwork because it is laid out as a consistent process in project flowchart form with team members carrying out specific tasks within the main process. This kind of operation is standard in the engineering and construction fields, but is much less commonly used in government or business organizations.

The popular idea of teamwork, on the other hand, tends to follow the image of a team sport, where many individuals are on the playing field at the same time cooperating with each other to fight the opposing team. This fast-paced activity has given the impression that teamwork involves continual collaboration between participants in whatever field it is carried out. This is often called teamwork but is actually collaborative work. It brings together managers and specialists alike in meetings to do a lot of work together in this way. Experience has shown that this method can be much slower, more frustrating and less productive than the 'defined role' teamwork approach used by CMA, which also involves meetings but less frequently and usually only at important problem-solving or progress points.

In implementing multidisciplinary teamwork, Carl Mahoney personally plans all projects, has access to a wide variety of special skills in Australia for every kind of project listed, and will construct teams locally in any other country. His own professional history and projects undertaken in all contexts are detailed on these pages.